Thursday, 18th of January 2018

Thursday, 18th of January 2018

The headquarters of the Monmouth County Historical Association in Freehold is home to a tablet commemorating the granting of the Monmouth Patent by Governor Richard Nicolls of New York. The Patent, which guaranteed "liberty of conscience", was granted on April 8, 1665 to the settlers of what is now Middletown. The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of New Jersey dedicated the tablet on May 10, 1946.

The large tablet resides on the first floor of the Historical Association, at the foot of the stairs leading to the second-floor exhibits. Directly across Court Street from the site is the Battle of Monmouth Monument, which is among the most impressive monuments in the state.



To Commemorate the Granting of the Monmouth Patent,
Guaranteeing Liberty of Conscience,
by Governor Richard Nicolls of New York, April 8, 1665,
in the Name of the Duke of York, to
William Goulding ▫ Samuel Spicer ▫ Richard Gibbons ▫ Richard Stout
James Grover ▫ John Bown ▫ John Tilton ▫ Nathaniel Silvester
William Reape ▫ Walter Clark ▫ Nicholas Davis ▫ Obadiah Holmes
They Having Paid the Indians for the Land
This Tablet is Erected by
the Society of Colonial Wars
in the State of New Jersey


On August 27, 1664, Peter Stuyvesant surrendered New Amsterdam to the English, whereupon Colonel Richard Nicolls, Governor for the Duke of York, commanded all planters resident in the colonies to take out ducal land-patents. The Monmouth Patent, issued to the twelve Britons listed on the tablet, contained terms governing settlement. One of the conditions of the Patent was that “within the space of three years,” the patentees must “manure and plant the land and premises and settle there one hundred families at the least”. Settlement began immediately, with the first settlers coming principally from Rhode Island, Long Island and Massachusetts Bay.